Additional Reading


Ackland P. The Accomplishments of the Global Initiative VISION 2020: The Right to Sight and the Focus for the Next 8 Years of the Campaign. Indian J Ophthalmol. 2012;60(5):380-386.
Adolescent Sleep Working Group, Committee on Adolescence, Council on School Health. School Start Times for Adolescents. American Academy of Pediatrics; 2014.
Alter A. Irresistible: Why We Can’t Stop Checking, Scrolling, Clicking and Watching. Random House; 2017.
Chellappa SL, Steiner R, Oelhafen P, et al. Acute exposure to evening blue-enriched light impacts on human sleep. J Sleep Res. 2013;22(5):573-580.
Chua SYL, Sabanayagam C, Cheung Y-B, et al. Age of Onset of Myopia Predicts Risk of High Myopia in Later Childhood in Myopic Singapore Children. Ophthalmic Physiol Opt. 2016;36(4):388-394.
Cordain L, Eaton SB, Brand Miller J. An Evolutionary Analysis of the Aetiology and Pathogenesis of Juvenile Myopia. Acta. 2002;80(April 2002):125-135.
Council on Communications and Media. Media and Young Minds. American Academy of Pediatrics; 2016:e20162591. doi:10.1542/peds.2016-2591.
Cui, D., Trier, K., Ribel-Madsen, S. M. “Effect of Day Length on Eye Growth, Myopia Progression, and Change of Corneal Power in Myopic Children Ophthalmology.” 2013;120(5), 1074-1079.
Dolgin E. Myopia Boom. Nature. 2015;519(7543):276-278.
Donovan LA, Sankaridurg P, Ho A, Martinez A, Smith E, Holden BA. Rates of Myopia Progression in Children. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2010;51(13):1694-1694.
Duckworth A. Grit: The Power of Passion and Perseverance. Random House; 2016.
Fisk N. “Screen Time” is About More than Setting Limits. The Conversation. Published 2017. Accessed January 30, 2018.
Flitcroft DI. The Complex Interactions of Retinal, Optical and Environmental Factors in Myopia Aetiology. Prog Retin Eye Res. 2012;31(6):622-660.
Gifford P, Gifford KL. The Future of Myopia Control Contact Lenses. Optom Vis Sci. 2016;93(4):336-343.
Goldschmidt E. On the Etiology of Myopia. An Epidemiological Study. Acta Ophthalmol. 1968:Suppl 98:1+.
Gong Q, Janowski M, Luo M, et al. Efficacy and Adverse Effects of Atropine in Childhood Myopia: A Meta-analysis. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2017;135(6):624-630.
Gwiazda J, Chandler DL, Cotter SA, et al. Progressive-Addition Lenses versus Single-Vision Lenses for Slowing Progression of Myopia in Children with High Accommodative Lag and Near Esophoria. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2011;52(5):2749-2757.
Gwiazda J, Hyman L, Hussein M, et al. A Randomized Clinical Trial of Progressive Addition Lenses versus Single Vision Lenses on the Progression of Myopia in Children. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2003;44(4):1492-1500.
Hagenauer MH, Perryman JI, Lee TM, Carskadon MA. Adolescent Changes in the Homeostatic and Circadian Regulation of Sleep. Dev Neurosci. 2009;31(4):276-284.
Hardeland R, Pandi-Perumal SR, Cardinali DP. Melatonin. Int J Biochem Cell Biol. 2006;38(3):313-316.
Holden B, Mariotti S, Kocur I, Resnikoff S, He M. The Impact of Myopia and High Myopia. World Health Organization; 2015. 
Holden BA, Fricke TR, Wilson DA, et al. Global Prevalence of Myopia and High Myopia and Temporal Trends from 2000 through 2050. Ophthalmology. 2016;123(5):1036-1042.
Huang J, Wen D, Wang Q, et al. Efficacy Comparison of 16 Interventions for Myopia Control in Children: A Network Meta-analysis. Ophthalmology. 2016;123(4):697-708.
Jones-Jordan LA, Sinnott LT, Cotter SA, et al. Time Outdoors, Visual Activity, and Myopia Progression in Juvenile Myopes. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2012;53(11):7169-7175.
Klass P. The Science of Adolescent Sleep. Published May 22, 2017. Accessed January 30, 2018.
Li SM, Kang MT, Wu SS, Meng B. Studies Using Concentric Ring Bifocal and Peripheral Add Multifocal Contact Lenses to Slow Myopia Progression in School-Aged Children: A Meta-analysis. Ophthalmic and. 2017;37(1):51-59.
Liu YM, Xie P. The Safety of Orthokeratology–A Systematic Review. Eye Contact Lens. 2016;42(1):35-42.
Mani A, Schwartz GW. Circuit Mechanisms of a Retinal Ganglion Cell with Stimulus-Dependent Response Latency and Activation Beyond Its Dendrites. Curr Biol. 2017;27(4):471-482.
Manuel BD, Lemp MA. “Ocular Surface Disorders.” JP Medical; 2013.
McChrystal S. Listen, Learn … Then Lead. March 2011. Accessed January 30, 2018.
Owens J. Adolescent Sleep Working Group, Committee on Adolescence. Insufficient Sleep in Adolescents and Young Adults: An Update on Causes and Consequences. Pediatrics. August 2014:eds.2014-1696.
Pacella R, McLellan J, Grice K, Del Bono EA, Wiggs JL, Gwiazda JE. Role of Genetic Factors in the Etiology of Juvenile Myopia on a Longitudinal Study of Refractive Error. Optom Vis Sci. 1999;76(6):381-386.
Phillips T. Taiwan Orders Parents to Limit Children’s Time with Electronic Games. The Telegraph. Published January 28, 2015. Accessed January 29, 2018.
Ramdass S, Despotidis N, Rosen CM, et al. Contact Lens Spectrum – A Retrospective Look at Children Fit with Ortho-k Lenses. Contact Lens Spectrum. 2016;31(October 2016):38-42.
Read SA, Collins MJ, Vincent SJ. Light Exposure and Eye Growth in Childhood Light Exposure and Eye Growth in Childhood. Invest Ophthalmol. 2015;56(October 2015):6779-6787.
Rose KA, Morgan IG, Ip J, et al. Outdoor Activity Reduces the Prevalence of Myopia in Children. Ophthalmology. 2008;115(8):1279-1285.
Rose KA, Morgan IG, Smith W, Burlutsky G, Mitchell P, Saw S-M. Myopia, Lifestyle, and Schooling in Students of Chinese Ethnicity. Arch Ophthalmol. 2008;126(4):527-530.
Ruston D. Screenagers. USA: MyDOC Productions; 2016.
Saw S-M, Gazzard G, Shih-Yen EC, Chua W-H. Myopia and Associated Pathological Complications. Ophthalmic Physiol Opt. 2005;25(5):381-391.
Schaeffel F, Feldkaemper M. Animal Models in Myopia Research. Clin Exp Optom. 2015;98(6):507-517.
Schwantes M. Self-Made Billionaire Jack Ma Says You’ll Need This 1 Rare Skill to Succeed in the Age of Machines. Published October 5, 2017. Accessed January 30, 2018.
Si J-K, Tang K, Bi H-S, Guo D-D, Guo J-G, Wang X-R. Orthokeratology for Myopia- Control: A Meta-analysis. Optom Vis Sci. 2015;92(3):252-257.
Teens and Sleep. Accessed January 30, 2018.
The Eisenhower Matrix: Introduction & 3-Minute Video Tutorial. Eisenhower. Accessed January 30, 2018.
The Myth of Multitasking. Psychology Today. Accessed January 30, 2018.
Twenge JM. iGen: Why Today’s Super-Connected Kids Are Growing Up Less Rebellious, More Tolerant, Less Happy–and Completely Unprepared for Adulthood—and What That Means for the Rest of Us. Simon and Schuster; 2017.
Vasudevan B, Esposito C, Peterson C, Coronado C, Ciuffreda KJ. Human Myopia– Is It Myopigenic?: A Retrospective Analysis of Clinical Refraction Data. J Optom. 2014;7(3):147-152.
Verkicharla PK, Chia NEH, Saw S-M. What Public Policies Should Be Developed to Cope with the Myopia Epidemic? Optom Vis Sci. 2016;93(9):1055-1057.
Vitale S, Sperduto RD, Ferris FL 3rd. Increased Prevalence of Myopia in the United States Between 1971-1972 and 1999-2004. Arch Ophthalmol. 2009;127(12):1632-1639.
What is Captology? Stanford Persuasive Tech Lab. l. Accessed January 30, 2018.
Willis JR, Vitale S, Morse L, et al. The Prevalence of Myopic Choroidal Neovascularization in the United States: Analysis of the IRIS(®) Data Registry and NHANES. Ophthalmology. 2016;123(8):1771-1782.
Wolffsohn JS, Calossi A, Cho P, et al. Global Trends in Myopia Management Attitudes and Strategies in Clinical Practice. Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2016;39(2):106-116.
Young FA, Leary GA, Baldwin WR, et al. The Transmission of Refractive Errors within Eskimo Families. Am J Optom Arch Am Acad Optom. 1969;46(9):676-685.
Zhang Y, Wildsoet CF. Chapter Thirteen – RPE and Choroid Mechanisms Underlying Ocular Growth and Myopia. In: Hejtmancik JF, Nickerson JM, eds. Progress in Molecular Biology and Translational Science. Vol 134. Academic Press; 2015:221-240.